A National Metrology Institute (NMI) for full and reliable traceability of Nigerian products and services
The most basic necessity of a trading system is metrology, without which the ability to determine length, mass, volume, time and temperature, and even make the simplest transactions, would be open to abuse. This would make regulating trade—especially fair trade—impossible, and legislation aimed at protecting health and welfare of citizens would be of no effect. A national measurement or metrology system is therefore the first step in facilitating trade.
Creating a National Metrology Institute is essential for traceability used in industry, commerce and services, and its standards should in turn be linked to international measuring standards. Such an institute assures the accuracy of measuring instruments, allowing more trust in human activities that use such devices in production processes, tests, trade, health, justice, sports and many other sectors.
In Nigeria, there is not yet a nationwide recognized NMI to provide calibration services and traceability which will ensure that Conformity Assessment Bodies (CABs) in the country have appropriate competencies to carry out their operations. As a response to this, the UNIDO-EU project addresses these challenges by strengthening the institutional quality for national products in Nigeria.